Sleep disturbances seriously affect the body, which leads to serious consequences if they last for a long time. If you cannot eliminate the problem by changing the daily routine and creating comfortable conditions for sleep, then it is required to use drugs for sleep disturbances. There are many medications available to help you get a good night’s rest.
According to medical statistics, about 10% of the world’s population regularly encounters sleep disorders. In the overwhelming majority of cases, classic insomnia is diagnosed. The patient has serious difficulties falling asleep, which is why he can lie in bed for hours and not even sink into a nap. To eliminate the violation, you can use drugs from several groups. Eszopiclone which was often prescribed for sleep disorders, is now considered outdated and is used only in exceptional cases when there is no other way to restore sleep.
When Are Medicines Needed?
The use of drugs for sleep disorders is required only if there are specific indications for this. When they are absent, then therapy is carried out by non-drug methods, which are psychotherapy and training in relaxation skills. The use of the medication is necessary for the presence of such symptoms:
- The appearance of severe irritability;
- Severe weakness;
- Hand tremor;
- Sudden changes in mood;
- Pressure surges;
- The fear of sleep problems can cause anxiety in the evening.
If there is even one of these manifestations, the doctor usually prescribes medication. Only a specialist will choose the exact drug you need.
In the treatment of Sleeping Disorders, nootropics are used only if there is a strong external negative effect on the body, especially emotional or mental overload. If a person suffers from increased nervous excitability, then using nootropics can even be harmful to a person since, by stimulating the brain, they can further aggravate sleep situations.
Only a specialist can determine exactly whether a patient needs drugs from this group and what you should take specific drugs. It is usually recommended to use Glycine or Phenibut.
Quite often, sleep problems arise due to a lack of certain vitamins in the body. This phenomenon is often observed in the off-season when the weather is especially cloudy, and the body is under constant stress.
Sleep problems can occur due to deficiencies in the following vitamins:
- vitamin D – with a lack of this substance, persistent severe insomnia, depression, and persistent fatigue appear.
- vitamin A – its deficiency leads to frequent night awakenings since the nervous system’s resistance to unfavorable external stimuli is significantly reduced.
- B vitamins – are necessary for the proper functioning of blood vessels and the brain and increase the body’s resistance to external adverse influences. A decrease in B vitamins in the body is usually noted closer to spring when there are few nutrients left in fruits and vegetables.
You should choose multivitamin complexes to take into account the age and characteristics of the organism. A doctor should prescribe such funds. It is good if the complex and vitamins include potassium and magnesium, which further improve the quality of sleep.
Drugs in this category are needed if sleep problems have appeared against a background of depression. Conversely, depression has arisen as a complication of long-term problems with night rest. If there is no depressive state, the use of a drug from this category is not required.
Modern drugs are not addictive; it allows you to normalize night sleep and relieve daytime sleepiness. Also, drugs from this category are allowed in old age. At the same time, because of the side effects that sometimes arise, only a doctor should decide on the possibility or impossibility of using such a medicine.
Medicines in this category have a pronounced soothing effect and help to cope with mild to moderate insomnia. Many drugs in this category contain herbal ingredients. There are also stronger means of synthetic origin, which are used if the violation is significant. Barbiturates, which today are trying to give up as much as possible, belong to this category. Exactly what to drink in case of sleep disturbance, only a doctor will determine.
Sedatives are indicated for those who have sleep problems due to the constant general body overload, which occurs due to the swift pace of life. The drugs help reduce anxiety and fear while reducing stress levels.
When taken correctly, they help relieve insomnia by restoring the body’s natural biorhythms. The safest medicines from this group, which can be taken even before consulting a doctor, are Novopasit and Persen. Both drugs are herbal.
Allergy medications can also help with insomnia, as most of them have a mild hypnotic effect. This is because the drugs act on histamine receptors and the histaminergic system, which is responsible for the wakefulness process in the daytime.
As a result, the more the agent acts on this system, the more it blocks it, and the more pronounced the hypnotic effect. It is often recommended to take some tablets, called antiallergic drugs of past generations, to relieve sleep problems.
If there are any severe deviations at the beginning of therapy, it may be necessary under strict medical supervision due to the unpredictability of the body’s response.
Medication like eszopiclone is only needed in serious cases. In this case, the doctor must first make sure that the patient has no contraindications for treatment with a specific drug and that it will not cause serious side effects. A doctor must prescribe all drugs for sleep disorders. The unauthorized use of such a medicine is strictly prohibited since it is highly likely to do more harm than good.